Group 8

Edward I Cl 8a Penny London.jpg

Type 8a (between 1294 and 1299) - Spink 1405, North 1034/1

Coins of type 8a can be positively identified by a combination of the type of crown and the letter S. The crown has a bell-shaped central fleur, which is usually damaged on the right leaf. It is the same crown as that of 8b, but the letter S of 8a is of the normal thick-waisted type, whereas that of 8b is top-tilted. Like types 8b and 8c, the letter H has a notched tail, and there are usually contractive marks after R, ANGL and HYB, and a curiously placed one after H.

King’s name: EDW, EDWA (very rarely)
Mints: Bury, London

Edward I Cl 8b Penny London.jpg

Type 8b (between 1294 and 1299) - Spink 1406, North 1034/2

Coins of type 8b can be positively identified by a combination of the type of crown and the letter S. The crown has a bell-shaped central fleur, which is usually damaged on the right leaf. It is the same crown as that of 8a, but the letter S on 8b is top-tilted, whereas that of 8a is of the normal thick-waisted type. Like types 8a and 8c, the letter H has a notched tail, and there are usually contractive marks after R, ANGL and HYB, and a curiously placed one after H.

King’s name: EDW
Mints: Bury, London

Edward I Cl 8c Penny London.jpg

Type 8c (between 1294 and 1299) - Spink 1406A, North 1035

The distinctive feature of type 8c is the crown, which has a highly arched headband, and is not found elsewhere in the group or the series. Like types 8a and 8b, the letter H has a notched tail, and there are usually contractive marks after R, ANGL and HYB, and a curiously placed one after H. The letter S is top-tilted, as it is on 8b.

King’s name: EDW
Mints: London only


General Note

The classification of Group 8 has been significantly revised since publication of the Foxes' paper. The order of 8a and 8b has been reversed, and 8c - which they illustrated, but didn't mention in the text - has been added. 


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